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PostPosted: Sun Sep 17, 2017 3:31 pm 
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Observations of red-giant variable stars by Aboriginal Australians

https://arxiv.org/abs/1709.04634

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Aboriginal Australians carefully observe the properties and positions of stars, including both overt and subtle changes in their brightness, for subsistence and social application. These observations are encoded in oral tradition. I examine two Aboriginal oral traditions from South Australia that describe the periodic changing brightness in three pulsating, red-giant variable stars: Betelgeuse (Alpha Orionis), Aldebaran (Alpha Tauri), and Antares (Alpha Scorpii). The Australian Aboriginal accounts stand as the only known descriptions of pulsating variable stars in any Indigenous oral tradition in the world. Researchers examining these oral traditions over the last century, including anthropologists and astronomers, missed the description of these stars as being variable in nature as the ethnographic record contained several misidentifications of stars and celestial objects. Arguably, ethnographers working on Indigenous Knowledge Systems should have academic training in both the natural and social sciences.

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PostPosted: Thu Sep 21, 2017 8:19 pm 
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As Fall Equinox Approaches, Was Stonehenge Used to Predict Astronomical Events?

http://www.newsweek.com/fall-equinox-st ... pse-668730

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PostPosted: Thu Sep 28, 2017 7:46 am 
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Dunhuang Star Chart

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunhuang_Star_Chart

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The Dunhuang map or Dunhuang Star map is one of the first known graphical representations of stars from ancient Chinese astronomy, dated to the Tang Dynasty (618–907). Before this map, much of the star information mentioned in historical Chinese texts had been questioned.

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PostPosted: Sun Oct 01, 2017 8:18 pm 
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A handy-dandy infographic for ASTRA's globe-trotters.


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PostPosted: Wed Oct 11, 2017 2:09 pm 
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Okay the "Archaeo-" is a bit of a stretch here...

The Madras Observatory: from Jesuit cooperation to British rule

https://aeon.co/ideas/the-madras-observ ... itish-rule

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How astronomy was used to augment political power in the history of conquest and colonialism of South Asia.

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PostPosted: Wed Oct 25, 2017 7:43 am 
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Astrolabe: Shipwreck find 'earliest navigation tool'

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-41724022

It's not that old, fyi, dating to the 16th century.

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PostPosted: Mon Oct 30, 2017 8:40 am 
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First solar eclipse ever recorded 'took place more than 3,000 years ago'

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/10 ... years-ago/

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Cambridge University researchers believe that the eclipse occurred on 30 October 1207 BC and is referenced in the Bible.

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PostPosted: Mon Nov 06, 2017 7:55 pm 
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“Venus” cult and “Old Man” mythological motif have already existed since 50.000 BP

http://beta.briefideas.org/ideas/1f4721 ... 353baea721

Quote:
If human language and genes spread “in tandem” as postulated by Michael Witzel, the split up time of the major phylogenetic lineages may provide a minimum age for the origin of Palaeolithic myths.
If this hypothesis is true, the distribution pattern of the motif about an “old man with hanging eyelids; so old that the eyelids hang to his chin and must be lifted up”, can only be explained if a primeval version has already existed in Southwest Asia by 50.000 BP, before people living there split up into East Asian and European phylogenetic lineages.
The presence of Upper Palaeolithic “Venus” figurines and images in Europe and East Asia may also hint at the existence of a primitive “Venus” cult and the myths connected therewith by 50.000 BP, before people split up into separate East Asian and European communities.
A 25.000-year-old pictorial narrative in Llonin Cave (Spain), perhaps illustrating a Palaeolithic tale about a bushy-browed giant living in a deep cave and a “Venus” creature, apparently combines elements of the “Old Man” motif and one of these “Venus” tales.

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PostPosted: Mon Nov 06, 2017 8:20 pm 
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Image attached to the last link posted about the "Venus" cult.


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PostPosted: Thu Nov 09, 2017 8:34 pm 
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Archaeologists Uncover Rare 2,000-year-old Roman Sundial and it Tells Them More than Just the Time

http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-his ... hem-021705

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PostPosted: Wed Nov 15, 2017 4:13 pm 
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Why We Find Solar Observatories and Astronomical Features in Churches

http://www.ancient-origins.net/artifact ... and-021715

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PostPosted: Thu Nov 16, 2017 6:36 pm 
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Stars that vary in brightness shine in the oral traditions of Aboriginal Australians

https://theconversation.com/stars-that- ... ians-85833

Relevant paper:

Observations of red-giant variable stars by Aboriginal Australians

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1 ... 7/abstract

Apologies if this is a repost.

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PostPosted: Tue Nov 21, 2017 9:31 am 
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How far they'll go: Moana shows the power of Polynesian celestial navigation

http://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-bl ... ation.html

Quote:
If you can identify the stars as they rise and set, and if you have memorised where they rise and set, you can find your direction.

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