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Archaeoastronomy Thread
http://forum.astra-nj.org/viewtopic.php?f=3&t=773
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Author:  BetaDraconis [ Sun Sep 17, 2017 3:31 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Observations of red-giant variable stars by Aboriginal Australians

https://arxiv.org/abs/1709.04634

Quote:
Aboriginal Australians carefully observe the properties and positions of stars, including both overt and subtle changes in their brightness, for subsistence and social application. These observations are encoded in oral tradition. I examine two Aboriginal oral traditions from South Australia that describe the periodic changing brightness in three pulsating, red-giant variable stars: Betelgeuse (Alpha Orionis), Aldebaran (Alpha Tauri), and Antares (Alpha Scorpii). The Australian Aboriginal accounts stand as the only known descriptions of pulsating variable stars in any Indigenous oral tradition in the world. Researchers examining these oral traditions over the last century, including anthropologists and astronomers, missed the description of these stars as being variable in nature as the ethnographic record contained several misidentifications of stars and celestial objects. Arguably, ethnographers working on Indigenous Knowledge Systems should have academic training in both the natural and social sciences.

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Thu Sep 21, 2017 8:19 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

As Fall Equinox Approaches, Was Stonehenge Used to Predict Astronomical Events?

http://www.newsweek.com/fall-equinox-st ... pse-668730

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Thu Sep 28, 2017 7:46 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Dunhuang Star Chart

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dunhuang_Star_Chart

Quote:
The Dunhuang map or Dunhuang Star map is one of the first known graphical representations of stars from ancient Chinese astronomy, dated to the Tang Dynasty (618–907). Before this map, much of the star information mentioned in historical Chinese texts had been questioned.

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Sun Oct 01, 2017 8:18 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

A handy-dandy infographic for ASTRA's globe-trotters.

Attachments:
archaeoastronomy.jpg
archaeoastronomy.jpg [ 1.16 MiB | Viewed 21110 times ]

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Wed Oct 11, 2017 2:09 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Okay the "Archaeo-" is a bit of a stretch here...

The Madras Observatory: from Jesuit cooperation to British rule

https://aeon.co/ideas/the-madras-observ ... itish-rule

Quote:
How astronomy was used to augment political power in the history of conquest and colonialism of South Asia.

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Wed Oct 25, 2017 7:43 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Astrolabe: Shipwreck find 'earliest navigation tool'

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-41724022

It's not that old, fyi, dating to the 16th century.

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Mon Oct 30, 2017 8:40 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

First solar eclipse ever recorded 'took place more than 3,000 years ago'

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/10 ... years-ago/

Quote:
Cambridge University researchers believe that the eclipse occurred on 30 October 1207 BC and is referenced in the Bible.

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Mon Nov 06, 2017 7:55 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

“Venus” cult and “Old Man” mythological motif have already existed since 50.000 BP

http://beta.briefideas.org/ideas/1f4721 ... 353baea721

Quote:
If human language and genes spread “in tandem” as postulated by Michael Witzel, the split up time of the major phylogenetic lineages may provide a minimum age for the origin of Palaeolithic myths.
If this hypothesis is true, the distribution pattern of the motif about an “old man with hanging eyelids; so old that the eyelids hang to his chin and must be lifted up”, can only be explained if a primeval version has already existed in Southwest Asia by 50.000 BP, before people living there split up into East Asian and European phylogenetic lineages.
The presence of Upper Palaeolithic “Venus” figurines and images in Europe and East Asia may also hint at the existence of a primitive “Venus” cult and the myths connected therewith by 50.000 BP, before people split up into separate East Asian and European communities.
A 25.000-year-old pictorial narrative in Llonin Cave (Spain), perhaps illustrating a Palaeolithic tale about a bushy-browed giant living in a deep cave and a “Venus” creature, apparently combines elements of the “Old Man” motif and one of these “Venus” tales.

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Mon Nov 06, 2017 8:20 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Image attached to the last link posted about the "Venus" cult.

Attachments:
venus_attachment.jpg
venus_attachment.jpg [ 1.24 MiB | Viewed 21011 times ]

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Thu Nov 09, 2017 8:34 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Archaeologists Uncover Rare 2,000-year-old Roman Sundial and it Tells Them More than Just the Time

http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-his ... hem-021705

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Wed Nov 15, 2017 4:13 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Why We Find Solar Observatories and Astronomical Features in Churches

http://www.ancient-origins.net/artifact ... and-021715

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Thu Nov 16, 2017 6:36 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Stars that vary in brightness shine in the oral traditions of Aboriginal Australians

https://theconversation.com/stars-that- ... ians-85833

Relevant paper:

Observations of red-giant variable stars by Aboriginal Australians

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1 ... 7/abstract

Apologies if this is a repost.

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Tue Nov 21, 2017 9:31 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

How far they'll go: Moana shows the power of Polynesian celestial navigation

http://www.planetary.org/blogs/guest-bl ... ation.html

Quote:
If you can identify the stars as they rise and set, and if you have memorised where they rise and set, you can find your direction.

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Fri Nov 24, 2017 7:16 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

The Comet that Sparked a Worldwide Flood ‘Myth’

http://www.ancient-origins.net/history- ... yth-009168

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Tue Dec 05, 2017 9:18 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Ancient Trees: A New Kind of Cherenkov Telescope

https://astrobites.org/2017/12/04/cosmi ... ree-rings/

Quote:
Wang et al.’s study is not the first to discover a significant increase in cosmic ray activity with radiocarbon dating, but does report the most ancient event discovered to date, occurring during the years BCE 3372-3371. The sample showing this increase comes from a Chinese Wingnut tree (see Figure 2). Those of you up-to-date on your tree science may have noticed that the event described in today’s paper occurred prior to the birth date of the oldest known tree (3050 BCE). The sample indeed came from a tree that was buried underground and carbonized — not from a living tree.

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Fri Dec 29, 2017 9:44 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

The Celestial Temple of Sogmatar: A Sacred Site Dedicated to Sin and the Planets

http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-anc ... ets-009352

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Fri Dec 29, 2017 6:11 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Medical Astrology: Moon Fever and Diseases Sent from the Skies

http://www.ancient-origins.net/history- ... ies-009356

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Fri Jan 05, 2018 9:54 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Depiction of mythical Aztec universe discovered in natural pond near Mexico's Iztaccihuatl volcano

http://www.ibtimes.co.uk/depiction-myth ... no-1653737

Quote:
The mirror effect of the pond gives the underwater stone shrine a 'floating' effect.

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Fri Jan 05, 2018 9:31 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Looking to the Stars of Australian Aboriginal Astronomy

http://www.ancient-origins.net/history/ ... omy-005072

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Wed Jan 10, 2018 11:17 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

Two suns? No, it's a supernova drawn 6,000 years ago, say scientists

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/ ... scientists

Quote:
Indian researchers say carvings found in Kashmir may be the oldest depiction of a dying star ever discovered

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Sun Jan 14, 2018 8:50 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

http://www.philamuseum.org/collections/ ... 72300.html

Quote:
The Star Mandala is one of the variant formats of mandala used in Esoteric Buddhism, especially in rituals performed to prevent natural disasters such as earthquakes and floods. At the center of the field is Amida Buddha, seated on a lotus throne and holding a lotus with flaming jewels. The disc encompassing the Buddha is wreathed in clouds against the night sky. Two groups of deities appear around the circumference of the star mandala. The outer group of thirty-six stellar gods are guardians, all in military garb. The inner circle depicts twenty-eight deities, who are each identified with a specific constellation based on Chinese astronomy and known as the Twenty-Eight Mansions (xiu).

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Thu Feb 08, 2018 9:32 am ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

When You Wish Upon a Shooting Star

http://insider.si.edu/2018/01/wish-upon-shooting-star/

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Mon Mar 12, 2018 7:04 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

From the pyramids to Stonehenge – were prehistoric people astronomers?

https://theconversation.com/from-the-py ... mers-92901

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Thu Mar 22, 2018 6:09 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

A Prehistoric Close Pass

https://www.centauri-dreams.org/2018/03 ... lose-pass/

Quote:
In any case, we can think of our own Solar System’s history to reflect on relatively close passes between other stars and the Sun. WISE J072003.20−084651.2 is the designation for a star more mercifully known as Scholz’s Star, discovered in 2013 in the southern constellation Monoceros. It took a scant two years for Eric Mamajek and co-researchers to report that Scholz’s Star passed through the Oort Cloud some 70,000 years ago.

Author:  BetaDraconis [ Tue Mar 27, 2018 7:36 pm ]
Post subject:  Re: Archaeoastronomy Thread

'Cultural Astronomy' May Finally Explain the Secret Purpose of Stonehenge and the Pyramids

https://www.outerplaces.com/science/ite ... e-pyramids

Quote:
Brown offers that a "better" theory to explain Stonehenge comes from a 2006 study that suggested that the pillars and nearby wooden circles were used to represent the living and the dead. With cultural astronomy, the idea is to look at the mystery from various angles to come to a more well-rounded conclusion.

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